stephenpalmersf

Notes from genre author Stephen Palmer

Category: Just Finished Reading

The March Of Unreason by Dick Taverne

In Labour/independent/Lib Dem MP Dick Taverne’s 2006 book he presents a powerful argument in support of the scientific method, reason, and their offshoot democracy. Taverne is a long-time supporter of the importance and public remit of science, and writes with passion, insight and clarity on his subject. His ire is in particular aimed at those he (rightly) calls eco-fundamentalists, whom he exposes as brilliant media operators with a deeply irrational attitude.

I’ve long found this irrational aspect of Green attitudes troubling – and not just the absurd, crystal-wielding part of it. I’ve enjoyed being part of the alternative/underground world for a long time, but, even amongst friends, I’ve always realised that I walked on the outer fringes of the group, with my regular attacks on conspiracy theories, unreasonable arguments (eg those against GM foods), absurd “alternate history”, unethical exploitation of media, entrenched attitudes etc. The inability of many people to use evidence and follow peer-reviewed methods is a huge concern. But in these days of social media and fake news – little more than ten years after the publication of this book – we are sleepwalking into an even worse situation, where not just truth but reality itself is the casualty. Reading this book a few years after it appeared, as traditional media fawns to public opinion and science continues to be downtrodden, is not a pleasant experience, for all the work’s excellence.

We have failed once again to learn the lesson of history. But that of course is part of our current problem. Technology is changing at a pace faster than human beings can psychologically cope with.

In my view, the great majority of what Taverne presents in this book is not only correct but vitally important. I think he does give capitalism and multi-national corporations too easy a time (he still believes in enlightened self-interest), but his main message, that democracy and its benefits come from the evidence based scientific method – itself a child of the Enlightenment – needs to be heard across the world. Unfortunately, at the moment, that seems the least likely message to achieve visibility in our age of digital media, let alone enhanced credence. A highly recommended book.

the-march-of-unreason

A Universe From Nothing by Lawrence Krauss

This is one of the best science books I’ve read for ages. I spotted it in a remainder shop in Hay-on-Wye over the summer, which is a bit of a shame, as it didn’t deserve that fate.

The author is a well known and lauded cosmologist, whose work has explored the more difficult aspects of the Big Bang: How did it happen? How could it have happened? Is our universe the only one? Later on he does ask why our universe might have been created, but he points out that such a question may be meaningless. Above all, his goal is to show how the universe could have appeared from nothing, and how that means a creator is unnecessary.

Written with skill, clarity and economy, this is a superb outline of the state of play in cosmology circa 2012. It simplifies theories without sacrificing their essence or importance – a rare skill in science writing – and while it doesn’t give all the answers, it does elegantly and clearly give reasons why such answers may be impossible for us to know. Highly recommended.

krauss

From Bacteria To Bach And Back

From Bacteria To Bach And Back: The Evolution Of Minds, by Daniel Dennett

I wanted to like this. I should have liked it. I didn’t much like it.

I’ve enjoyed this brilliant author’s previous work, not least the groundbreaking Consciousness Explained, but this… this has great substance, yet the writing is terrible. Every paragraph is broken up with digressions, stuff in brackets – even a single question mark in one instance – and more utterly unnecessary stuff that any editor would ordinarily have excised. But Dennett’s editor didn’t. As a result, the book reads mostly like the half-assed ramblings of a doddery old professor.

I’ll say it again – the substance is great. The middle section didn’t seem that important, but the opening and concluding chapters in particular were important and good. Dennett’s thesis is that all explanations which posit a dividing line between mind stuff and brain stuff, as with Decartes’ original concept, are misleading. He thinks the so-called Hard Question only appears if you take such positions. He also agrees with Nicholas Humphrey that the point of conscious, the reason for its existence, is that it makes things matter in human life. When you’re in love with somebody, that person’s highs and lows mean so much to you for exactly the same reason. You therefore make an effort for them, regardless of the circumstances. Similarly, the fact that consciousness is a user-illusion is no contradiction to the fact that we human beings matter to each other. For this insight, I applaud the author.

In a nutshell: good substance, dire writing.

denn

Killers Of The Flower Moon by David Grann

The treatment of the Native American nations by white “Christian” settlers from Europe has always evoked horror in me, partly I think because of the sheer brutality and utter callousness of what was meted out by these “Christians,” and partly because of the scorn and disgust that I feel for so many aspects of American culture. Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee was a gut-wrenching read. David Grann’s extraordinary book is not quite so visceral and terrible as Dee Brown’s classic, but it still packs one hell of a punch.

The work covers the so-called Osage Nation Murders – also known as the Reign Of Terror – which occurred between 1921 and 1925 in Oklahoma. Grann’s technique is to evoke the time through meticulous research, including vast amounts of never-published or otherwise mysterious or ignored documentation. The slow, precise way in which the story of the Reign Of Terror builds into a gripping read, as various layers of the mystery are peeled away, is a great way to reveal the full truth. And, surprise surprise, a greedy white man was at the bottom of it. In 1925 the determined and courageous FBI agent Tom White completed the investigation that caught this man, followed eventually, despite corruption and extraordinary levels of racism against the Osage people, by a successful prosecution.

Except… Grann in his research found out more; facts that were missed by the original FBI investigation. I won’t spoil this last section, but, as with what goes previously, it is pretty jaw-dropping.

For anybody interested in the seemingly endless list of injustices caused by white “Christians” in America, this is a sobering read. What marks Grann’s book out above others though is the brilliant writing and extraordinary effort put in by the author on behalf of the Osage people. An outstanding book.

killers-of-the-flower-moon

Restoration Britain by Ian Mortimer

The Time Traveller’s Guide To Restoration Britain by Ian Mortimer

The third in Ian Mortimer’s Time Traveller’s Guide… books, The Time Traveller’s Guide To Restoration Britain is at least as interesting as his guide to the Middle Ages, which I read and reviewed a while back. Essentially, these books posit a traveller going back in time who might need a guide in order to survive, much as a modern day traveller would take a guide to, say, Crete.

Written in a very accessible style, the book assumes little or no knowledge of the era, beginning with an overview of political events, then heading off into travel, taverns, food, health and medicine, music, plays and painting, and much more. There are plenty of interesting details, lots of humour – all underplayed and well positioned in the text – and an overall desire to seduce the reader with the good and warn them about the bad of Restoration Britain. Inevitably, Samuel Pepys makes many appearances, but there are plenty of other characters whose lives and words help the time traveller.

Highly recommended to history buffs and the general reader.

time trav restoration

Rare Earth by Ward and Brownlee

Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon In The Universe
by Peter D. Ward & Donald Brownlee

A few years ago a book that looked interesting by these two men – The Life And Death Of Planet Earth – turned out to be fantastic, and inspirational for me. So when I spotted a second work by the pair I had to read it.

This second book details what the authors call the Rare Earth Hypothesis, which in a nutshell states that simple life – prokaryotic life and perhaps eukaryotic single-celled life – is common, but that multicellular, and particularly animal life is rare. The authors stake out their territory by describing the likely evolution of habitable zones in the universe, the creation of Earth and the solar system, and then the evolution of life. As many have observed, life appeared on our planet just about as early as was possible, which strongly suggests that the basic biochemical reactions (recently outlined by the brilliant Nick Lane in his tour-de-force The Vital Question) are comparatively simple, and even likely – for instance in hydrothermal vents at the ocean floor. Sections follow on the appearance of multicellular life, Snowball Earth, and then a crucial section on the Cambrian Explosion. Mass extinctions are covered, and then a vital section on plate tectonics.

Further chapters deal with the crucial importance of Jupiter and its position in the solar system, and the Moon, before the end chapters of the book deal with tests for the hypothesis and an assessment of the odds.

Some reviewers of this book, written in 2000, have in my opinion been unfair when calling it inconclusive. The authors themselves point out more than once that they are writing at a time of great change in extra-solar astronomy; and we only have to think of the extraordinary discoveries made in the last decade to realise that these authors were courageous in putting forward their hypothesis. In my opinion they were notably far-sighted too. Their book is a detailed statement of the Rare Earth hypothesis.

This book is a superbly written, thorough and fascinating look at the ultimate scientific question: how is life spread across the universe? We 21st century human are incredibly lucky that this question could be answered in our lifetimes. In the 2030s and ’40s a mission is likely to arrive either at Enceladus or Europa, sampling the components of those enigmatic satellites. If simple bacterial-type life exists on either of the satellites, the authors of this terrific book will have the first of their answers.

rare

My Life As A Ten-Year-Old Boy by Nancy Cartwright

I came quite late to the Simpsons. In the early days – the first half of the ’90s – I thought to myself, “I don’t want to watch the antics of a bratty American boy.” How wrong I was back then. Soon, after watching a few episodes, I realised the series was about far more than just Bart. It was about America, and even, on occasion, about humanity itself.

Since then I’ve become a confirmed fan. The series, like no other American television I’ve seen, has British elements of humour – wit, irony, intelligent charm. In My Life As A Ten-Year-Old-Boy, the voice of Bart, Nancy Cartwright, lifts the lid on what it was like at the outset and how the series developed.

The book is written in an informal style, almost as if the author is speaking it. Some reviewers have held that against her, and on occasion the style can be a little wince-inducing. But overall I think it does add to the charm of the account. In any event, the story overall is a fascinating one, with much to recommend it. Certainly for any Simpsons fan this is a must-read.

simp

A Brief History Of Everyone Who Ever Lived

A Brief History Of Everyone Who Ever Lived by Adam Rutherford

I was hoping to like this book a lot, and I do like the content, but the writing style… ouch. Adam Rutherford, for all his undoubted skills as a radio presenter, has convinced himself that he’s the world’s most amusing writer of prose, which, for me, reduced the enjoyment of reading the science considerably. Because he’s not amusing.

That science is fascinating though – Rutherford deserves the adoring comments of his many famous fans inside the front jacket. But the text is not only cringingly unfunny in places where the author believes he is being hilarious, it is peppered with pointless footnotes – and Rutherford is no Jack Vance.

So for style I’m giving 2** and for content 4***, which averages out at a somewhat underwhelming 3***. A shame.

ruther

The Lives of Erich Fromm by Lawrence J. Friedman

I discovered Erich Fromm in the ‘80s, and immediately fell for his no-nonsense brand of humanism and liberalism (disguised as Marxism, as he was a follower of Marx). His work has inspired me ever since, not least The Sane Society, with its ground-breaking and daring declaration of the human condition. A few months ago I discovered by accident that there was a biography of the great man; buying it was a no-brainer.

The book is quite academic in tone, but not so much that the general reader can’t enjoy it. A great amount of work went into the writing of it, as the author observes in his introduction, but that work pays off as the contradictions and brilliance of the man come to light.

Fromm, for all his vision and wisdom, was no angel; something of a surprise to me, who knew nothing of his personal life. Letters written by Fromm and by his friends illuminate this part of the biography. Fromm also ignored a lot of health issues during various intensive spells of work, and this biography conveys those periods of his life very well.

I suppose the readership of the book is essentially going to be followers of Fromm, and perhaps those in the psychoanalysis world for whom the shadow of Freud still looms large. The political aspects of his life are particularly interesting, and often surprising, especially during the Cold War period, but I suspect those will fade in times to come. His work on the fundamentals of the human condition however will never fall into obscurity. He really was way ahead of his time, and this superb biography illustrates that very nicely.

friedman

London In The 19th Century by Jerry White

For me this was more research about Victorian times, but the book is a marvellous collection – written in themed chapters and time-lined from 1800 to 1899 – covering how London changed during the 19th century. It covers everything from architecture to government, charity and religion to riot and prostitution, homeless children to the wealthy in their perfect, posh streets. The section on the working class attitude to charity and religion was particularly eye-opening.

Lots of period detail, a terrific eye when it comes to poverty, class and power, and with a great story to tell – very readable and very enjoyable. You wouldn’t have to be researching for a novel to enjoy this book.

london19